Horizon2020 Japan conference at the EU Delegation in Tokyo

European Union EU Horizon 2020

Horizon 2020 Japan conference encourages Japan participation in this R&D and innovation program of the EU

Horizon 2020 Japan: Ambassador Hans Dietmar Schweisgut, welcome

Ambassador Hans Dietmar Schweisgut
Ambassador Hans Dietmar Schweisgut

Horizon 2020 Japan – Yoichiro Matsumoto: Japan’s research needs to go global

(Professor Yoichiro Matsumoto, Executive Vice President, The University of Tokyo)

Professor Yoichiro Matumoto, Executive Vice President, The University of Tokyo
Professor Yoichiro Matumoto, Executive Vice President, The University of Tokyo

Recent situation in Japanese Universities

Japan has shown a lower growth in the publication of papers compared to other countries

Quantity: growth rate of number of papers for the period 2009-2011 compared to 1999-2001:

  • China: +360% growth
  • USA: +28% growth
  • Germany: +28% growth
  • UK: +21% growth
  • France: +28% growth
  • Japan: +3% growth
  • World: +48% growth

Quality: top 10% of papers during the period 2009-2011 compared to 1999-2001:

  • China: +521% growth
  • USA: +26% growth
  • Germany: +68% growth
  • UK: +57% growth
  • France: +61% growth
  • Japan: +16% growth
  • World: +51% growth

Quality: top 1% of papers during the period 2009-2011 compared to 1999-2001:

  • China: +692% growth
  • USA: +28% growth
  • Germany: +99% growth
  • UK: +79% growth
  • France: +99% growth
  • Japan: +39% growth
  • World: +51% growth

Budget:

  • Japanese Universities have suffered a long term budget cut for ordinary operations lasting more than 10 years
  • the ratio of competitive funds have increased rapidly
  • we must change ourselves towards strategic thinking and planning for research, its funding and sustainability

The Science and Technology budget in Japan has been increasing rapidly until 2002, but is stagnating since 2002.

Why is international cooperation in research important

scientific output has grown rapidly and collaboration between institutions in different countries has intensified.
International collaboration papers are likely to get more citation impact.

The challenges facing Japanese research institutions – strategic competition and collaboration

  • we need strategic competition and collaboration among Japanese research institutions for the management to increase their reputation and visibility globally
  • each institution must be more competitive in human and institutional resources, research funds, facilities, student quality, educational performance, global openness, clear vision, efficiency of management…
  • unders those severe and open competition, we can make win-win relations among institutions
  • we need a long-term and bird-view thinking to enhance the sustainability of research and eduction activities in the institution
  • we need global collaboration
  • create sustainable environment for research institutions: secure enough domestic funds for research, get international R&D funds like Horizon2020, enhance the mobility of research
  • boost international exchanges between European institutions and Japanese institutions
  • create network of networks between institutions to discuss our common problems and enhance our activity of research and education

The Royal Society 2011: “collaboration enhances the quality of research, improves its efficiency and effectiveness, and is increasingly necessary as the scale of budgets and research challenges grow”

Horizon 2020 Japan – Anders Karlsson: EU-Japan Science collaboration – a “bird’s eye view” on publication patterns & opportunities for collaboration

(Professor Anders Karlsson, Vice President for Global Academic Relations, Elsevier, Tokyo)

Professor Anders Karlsson,, Vice President for Global Academic Relations, Elsevier, Tokyo
Professor Anders Karlsson,, Vice President for Global Academic Relations, Elsevier, Tokyo

Compound annual growth rate of scientific publications 2009-2013:

  • EU28: +4.9% growth
  • USA: +4.5% growth
  • China: +10.5% growth
  • Korea: +9.5% growth
  • Japan: +1.1% growth
  • world: +4.4% growth

What about the top 10% most cited publications?

  • China overtook Japan for all articles: in 2003/2004
  • China overtook Japan for top 10% articles: in 2006
  • China overtook Japan for top 10% articles in Engineering: in 2003
  • China overtook Japan for top 10% articles in Medicine: in 2010

Horizon 2020 Japan – Maria Cristina Russo: Horizon2020 – the chance to go global

(Maria Cristina Russo, Director for International Cooperation, Directorate-General for Research and Innovation, European Commission)

Maria Cristina Russo, Director for International Cooperation, Directorate-General for Research and Innovation, European Commission
Maria Cristina Russo, Director for International Cooperation, Directorate-General for Research and Innovation, European Commission

Why go global? Why collaborate internationally?

  • all science has become global
  • value chains are internationalized: making alliances, sharing costs, accessing markets, agreeing standards
  • need to address global society challenges together
  • importance for the best EU researchers to cooperate with the best Japanese researchers
  • opportunities for Japanese researchers to participate, and to access big projects with important partners from EU and the world by only paying your researchers
  • importance of building networks: deep relationships with EU and world actors through R&D collaboration

Why chose the EU to “go global”?
500 million people, 28 countries, a single market = free movement of people + goods + services + capital

  • 7% of the world’s population
  • 24% of world research expenditure
  • 32% of high impact publications
  • 32% of patent applications

Some excellent successes:

  • 109 “bottom up” participations by 50 different Japan based organizations in 79 FP7 projects
  • 5 “top down” jointly designed “coordinated calls” resulting in an additional 17 projects (ICT, aeronautics, energy, critical raw materials)
  • successful “support actions”, e.g. CONCERT-JAPAN

Top down coordinated calls:

  • top down: joint identification of key priority areas by EU and Japanese authorities
  • parallel call procedure, parallel evaluation, separate funding – but joint work and joint results
  • worked particularly well in Japan: 5 calls 2011-2013, 17 projects jointly financed, 2 more calls launched or in the pipeline

Unfulfilled potential – participation in EU projects – EU-Japan projects lower than Egypt or Marocco….

  1. Russia: 495
  2. USA: 476
  3. China: 321
  4. India: 253
  5. South America: 222
  6. Brazil: 206
  7. Ukraina: 185
  8. Canada: 181
  9. Australia: 177
  10. Mexico: 110
  11. Marocco: 110
  12. Japan: 109
  13. Egypt: 108
  14. Argentina: 99
  15. Korea: 65

Some key questions:

  • why is overall Japanese participation in EU research programs so modest compared with key international partners?
  • what can be done to improve participation of Japanese research entities (public and private) in the future?
  • what are the bottlenecks and obstacles?
  • what are the best approaches? top down? or bottom up?

Horizon2002: a paradigm shift

  • Globally the biggest research and innovation funding program: over EURO 80 billion budget over 7 years
  • The only part of the EU budget to increase (+30% over the previous program)
  • the most open program in the world, international cooperation at its core
  • challenge based approach, multi sector activities to address global society challenges
  • stressing innovation: from lab to market
  • faster, simpler, less red tape

Three ways to participate:

  1. General opening: any international partner may participate
  2. Targeted opening: in specific topics in calls for proposals including of international partners may be: (a) encouraged, (b) required
  3. Coordinated calls: used for specific actions, paired calls, linked evaluations, two separate contracts

How to get involved?

  1. find a relevant call
  2. find partners
  3. submit a proposal
  4. get involved!
Maria Cristina Russo, Director, International Cooperation, Directorate-General for Research & Innovation, European Commission
Maria Cristina Russo, Director, International Cooperation, Directorate-General for Research & Innovation, European Commission

Horizon 2020 Japan – Kazushi Watanabe: Experience of international collaboration. FP7 project: Surface heat exchangers for aero-engines

(Kazushi Watanabe, General Manager, Business Development, Sumitomo Precision Products, Aerospace & Defense)

EU-Japan collaboration project: Advanced Structural Surface Cooler (ASSC), a component for turbines.

EU funded the research at INEGI (Instituto de Engenharia Mecanica Gestao), Rolls-Royce, GKN Aerospace Sweden AB, SICOMP (Swerea Sicomp AB)
METI funded research at Sumitomo Precision Products (SPP), and SPP subcontracted part of the research to the University of Tokyo

In addition there is a Research agreement between Rolls-Royce and SPP

One attraction of this research project for SPP is that there are not many turbine manufacturers in Japan, and this research project opened new markets for SPP products.

Kazushi Watanabe, General Manager, Business Development, Sumitomo Precision Products, Aerospace & Defense
Kazushi Watanabe, General Manager, Business Development, Sumitomo Precision Products, Aerospace & Defense

Naoto Kobayashi: FP7 project and internationalization of research at Waseda University

(Naoto Kobayashi, Center for Research Strategy, Waseda University)

FP7 projects at Waseda University:

  • Capsil Project (April 1, 2008 – March 31, 2010)

    • International support of a common awareness and knowledge platform for studying and enabling living
    • Professor Shuji Hashimoto (Faculty of Science and Engineering), 理工学術院 橋本周司教授
    • Total budget: EURO 587,150
  • RoboSoM Project (December 1, 2009 – May 31, 2013)

    • A Robotic Sense of Movement
    • Professor Atsuo Takanishi (Faculty of Science and Engineering), 理工学術院 高西淳夫教授
    • Total budget: EURO 1,659,000
  • GR:EEN Project (March 1, 2011 – February 28, 2015)

    • Global Re-ordering: Evolution through European Networks
    • Professor Shujiro Urata (Faculty of International Research and Education), 国際学術院 浦田秀次郎教授
    • Total budget: EURO 7,944,718
Professor Naoto Kobayashi, Center for Research Strategy, Waseda University
Professor Naoto Kobayashi, Center for Research Strategy, Waseda University

Yoichi Iida, Japan-EU cooperation in civil aeronautics industry

(Yoichi Iida, Director, Aerospace and Defense Industry Division, Manufacturing Industries Bureau, METI)

Yoichi Iida, Director, Aerospace and Defense Industry Division, Manufacturing Industries Bureau, METI
Yoichi Iida, Director, Aerospace and Defense Industry Division, Manufacturing Industries Bureau, METI

Agreement between the Government of Japan and the European Community on Cooperation in Science and Technology.

2012-2013:
1st Working Group
SUNJET, concluded in October 2012
Call 5 Projects: SHEFAE, JEDI ACE and HIKARI to concluded early 2016

March 2014: 2nd working group: discussion on next cooperation projects

from 2015:
Working Group
NEXT Projects (Horizon2020)
Future Projects (support action)

Lessons learnt from FP7:

  • Complicated framework of agreements: IP treatment between Japanese companies and European Commission, dispute settlement process
  • different timing of budgets

For Horizon2020 the structure of cooperation projects will be:

  1. Grant agreement between the Japanese Government and Japanese participants
  2. Grant agreement between the European Commission and European participants
  3. Coordination agreement between Japanese participants and European participants

Horizon 2020 Japan – Satoru Ohtake: closing remarks

(Satoru Ohtake, Senior Executive Director, Science and Technology Agency)

Satoru Ohtake, Senior Executive Director, Science and Technology Agency
Satoru Ohtake, Senior Executive Director, Science and Technology Agency

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Hitachi Engineering Europe formed by acquisition of Valcom S.r.l.

Hitachi Inspire the Next

Hitachi acquires Valcom, electrical and instrumentation engineering for oil and gas plant systems

Hitachi Engineering Europe: the new name for Valcom

Hitachi acquired all outstanding shares of Valcom S.r.l. and will rename the company “Hitachi Engineering Europe S.r.l.”

Valcom S.r.l. is an Engineering, Procurement, Construction (EPC) company, headquartered in Milano (Italy), in the following fields:

  • Oil and gas field development, electrical and instrumentation engineering business for oil and gas plant systems
  • Fossil fuel and nuclear power plants
  • Pipelines
  • Refineries and petrochemical facilities
  • Chemical and service industries
  • Airport and communications networks
  • Power transmission lines
  • Renewable energy power plants
  • Non-residential buildings (hospitals, universities, offices, etc.)
  • Floating Production, Storage and Offloading (“FPSO”) systems
  • Engineering business related to electrical equipment (transformer substation, power distribution, drive systems, and lighting equipment, etc.) needed to operate machinery, and measurement equipment (sensors, etc.) and to control plant systems

Japan electronics industries – mono zukuri. Preview this report:

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